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What the WT specifically ignores is that the Romans DID execute prisoners on crosses--an issue they are careful to sidestep in their presentation.The horizontal bar of such crosses was called the patibulum, and the slaves to be executed were customarily made to carry the patibulum to the place of execution.In such a case, the patibulum or crossbeam, to which the victim's arms were already bound, was simply affixed to the vertical beam; the victim's feet were then bound to the stake with a few turns of the rope. (that) the cross may represent a "pictorial expression of the crucifixion, tantamount to exclaiming `He was crucified! In Galatians he says: But may it never be that I should boast, except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, through which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world.If the victim was attached by nails, he was laid on the ground, with his shoulders on the crossbeam. '" As the tomb is dated by pottery, lamps and the character of the letters used in the inscriptions--from the first century B. to not later than the middle of the first century A. this means that the inscriptions fall within two decades of the Crucifixion at the latest. The Greek word translated as "boast" is kauchomai, which is translated to boast or glory over something.As this was the simpler form of erection, and the carrying of the crossbeam (patibulum) was probably connected with the punishment for slaves, the crux commissa may be taken as the normal practice. 392) Aside from the most recent discoveries, there are a few others of interest we will note. One (ossuary) had the name "Judah" associated with a cross with arms of equal length. However, while later eliminating the cross as well as the name of Jesus on their front cover, they continued to use a watch tower as their symbol. Actually, what pagans did with crosses before the death of Christ has nothing to do with how the Romans crucified people.The cross would probably have been not much higher than the height of a man. Here is one involving a discovery in 1873: In 1873 a famous French scholar, Charles Clermant-Ganneau, reported the discovery of a burial chamber or cave on the Mount of Olives. Further, the name "Jesus" occurred three times, twice in association with a cross. Besides, Jesus did not choose his instrument of death. The Biblical Greek doesn't suggest a cross, but rather a "pole" or "stake." 2.Alternatively, it was probably usual to have the stake implanted in the ground before the execution. For instance, cherubs (angels) were embroidered on the curtains of the tabernacle in Moses' time (Ex. The Watchtower even uses a tower as their own special symbol.
Let's consider the answer to these objections one by one: JW: THE GREEK "stauros" DOESN'T REFER TO A CROSS.
Instead, only the crossbar was carried, while the upright was set in a permanent place where it was used for subsequent executions. The second of these also has four large crosses drawn. He does not want to attract people to Christianity by giving them material or intellectual hopes, but he desires to reach those who realize the degree of sin in the world and who would appreciate Jesus' having died for their sins.
As the first-century Jewish historian Josephus noted, wood was so scarce in Jerusalem during the first century A. that the Romans were forced to travel ten miles from Jerusalem to secure timber for their siege machinery. 21) Similar are the details mentioned under "Cross" in the New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology: It is certain only that the Romans practised this form of execution. If this interpretation is correct, and the excavators are strongly in favor of the Christian significance of symbol and furnishings, then here we have the example of an early house church. Sukenik of the Museum of Jewish Antiquities of the Hebrew University. Sukenik is the world's leading authority on Jewish ossuaries. This has been the message of the church throughout the centuries--that Jesus died on the cross for our sins, and that he is alive and lives through us (1 Cor. This message only appeals to certain people; most often the lowly and simple (1 Cor. Paul also uses the cross as a symbol for the cause of Christianity, as well as the death of the old nature. He tells us that some have become "enemies of the cross" (Phil. He talks about the old nature and the Law as being "nailed to the cross" (Col. He picks up on the theme of Jesus regarding the cross (Matt.
(Seneca, De Vita Beata 19:3; Epistola 1; Tacitus, Historiae, IV, 3) Xylon, like stauros, can also be used to refer to a cross, a fact carefully side-stepped by the WT in their effort to prove their point.
They thus fail to prove anything with regard to stauros and xylon.